Training and Obedience
Keep in your mind that Caucasian Ovcharka first of all the guarding dog. It is not a pet as people use to thing about family dogs, and making this distinction at the outset is important. Even being the family dog, Caucasian Ovcharka becomes very protective of its master and its master’s property. as much as the children, the car, and the house itself will be protected. Yes, Caucasians, if it is a family dog, are and should be cuddly and affectionate with family members, and some are quite friendly with strangers, but it is also important to remember that this is NOT a Golden Retriever. The Caucasian Ovcharka is a dog who needs a serious, responsible owner who is willing and able to become the pack leader. (Actually all dogs need a serious, responsible owner.) Being the leader means consistency - setting the rules, and then following those rules every single time from the day one. The Caucasian Ovcharka is a dog who should never be allowed to roam the neighborhood at will (Actually true of all dogs) The Caucasian Ovcharka required Obedience training. It must started with early age. Socialization is a must with this breed.
Various methods of teaching obedience may provide satisfactory results. Several points are noteworthy. Owners should be consistent and decisive when giving commands and expect a consistent response from the dog. Dogs are praised for correct behavior and, rather than verbally or physically reprimanding a puppy, for incorrect response praise is withheld. This positive approach will often achieve the desired results and will avoid the possibility of causing the pup to become shy or fearful of people. Some dogs do not take harsh punishment well. Proper corrections will not cause even the most subordinate pup to become shy as long as the pup is praised more than it is reprimanded.
In some instances a verbal reprimand is not sufficient to get the dog’s attention. A light swat with a rolled-up newspaper may be in order. The intent is to get the dog’s attention, not hurt it. Once a correction is given, the dog should be shown the correct and desired behavior, then praised when it responds properly. The handler should ensure that a pleasurable experience (where praise can be given) follows a reprimand.
We can not stress enough an important concept of correcting misbehavior. If punishment is to be effective, it must be given within seconds of the undesired behavior. Reprimands given hours or even minutes after a misdeed has occurred are meaningless to the dog. Also, punishment must be given at a high enough level to immediately stop the offensive behavior, but must be reasonable (not abusive). Training should continue as the dog matures, but formal training need only persist as long as it is necessary.
Guarding behavior is largely instinctive. It would be difficult to train a dog without the guarding instinct to perform some of the necessary functions, such as patrolling, barking, and scent marking. Nevertheless, dogs will likely need direction in their development and will need to be taught or shown what, where, and when they are to guard (i.e... Dog-park vs. your back yard; trespasser vs. your good neighbor).